Addressing GAO’s Findings on National Cyber Risk Management Gaps

In a world where digital threats loom larger by the day, the importance of cyber risk management cannot be overstated. The Government Accountability Office (GAO)’s recent analysis of the 2023 National Cybersecurity Strategy sheds light on significant security gaps, putting the nation’s data assets at risk from cyber adversaries.

The GAO has underscored the necessity for more robust guidance to aid federal agencies in assessing, prioritizing, and mitigating cybersecurity risks effectively. This includes the need for a unified effort involving state and local governments, the private sector, and international partners to combat digital threats cohesively.

The report brings attention to significant hurdles, such as the challenge of recruiting and retaining skilled cybersecurity staff, managing multiple priorities simultaneously, and the quest for standardization across various tech architectures and systems.

Revising Cyber Risk Evaluation Methods

At the heart of the GAO’s findings is a call for federal agencies to overhaul their cyber risk evaluation frameworks. Currently, reliance on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) dominates, providing a binary mechanism for prioritizing patches based on vulnerability scores. While practical, this approach neglects the nuanced realities of cybersecurity threats, such as the specific context or environment of the system at risk.

A more sophisticated strategy would involve using multiple data sources and types, drawing insights from threat intelligence, asset inventory, and vulnerability management tools. Such a comprehensive approach would offer a more accurate assessment of the potential risk and impact of cyberattacks, enabling agencies to prioritize their response strategies effectively.

Advancing Cyber Risk Management

Adopting a more advanced cyber risk management methodology requires a significant cultural shift within federal agencies. This shift encompasses changes in personnel mindsets, cyber hygiene practices, and a deeper reliance on technological infrastructure. Additionally, providing accurate, actionable intelligence is essential for risk prioritization, demanding a concerted effort from all stakeholders, including federal officials, industry partners, and personnel.

To overcome existing gaps in cyber risk management, federal agencies should:

  • Embrace AI and Automation: Leverage the power of artificial intelligence to revolutionize risk assessments, prioritization, and compliance with regulatory standards. AI tools offer enhanced capabilities for continuous monitoring and real-time threat detection, essential for agile and effective cybersecurity strategies.
  • Automate Remediation Strategies: Utilize AI to address vulnerabilities quickly, especially in complex environments. Automation helps adhere to strict regulations, significantly benefiting federal agencies obligated to follow standards like FISMA and CMMC.
  • Bridge the Talent Gap: AI serves as a strategic tool in mitigating the shortage of skilled professionals in the cybersecurity domain. By automating data aggregation and analysis, AI can reduce the likelihood of human errors and biases, streamlining risk reporting processes.

While AI and automation mark a significant advancement in cybersecurity, it’s vital to remember that they complement, rather than replace, the human element in cyber defense. AI models work best when paired with expert knowledge, forming a dynamic barrier against the continuously evolving landscape of digital threats.


The GAO’s recent findings are a clarion call for federal agencies to refine their approaches to cyber risk management urgently. By embracing advanced technologies like AI, agencies can significantly bolster their defenses, ensuring the protection of national security and data privacy in our digital age. It’s a pivotal moment for cybersecurity in government, one that demands immediate and decisive action.

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